Morning walk, 130720

July 13, 2020

Brazilian Nightshade, Solanum seaforthanium, Muthanallur Lake, 110720

This morning’s walk…
A scooter with two people managing a newly-bought carrom board.
Two crows pecking at the innards of a dead rat.
Walkers with masks on, masks off, masks absent.
Picking up the fragrant Akasha Mallige (Indian Cork Tree) so that it will spread its heady scent around the home when I return.
A woman collecting cowdung (I didn’t know this was still done in urban areas.)
A young girl looking up at the sky to determine whether she should make the rangOli or not. (She did, and it hasn’t rained.)
The spectacular, crimson flowers of the Sausage Tree, and the “sausages” themselves hanging in profusion.
Parakeets screeching as they fly past.
A milk delivery guy looking in disgust at the milk leaking out of his bag on his moped.
Several masked maids on their way to work.
The quickly brightening light sends me back home to start my morning chores.

Outings in the times of COVID

July 10, 2020

How I go on nature/bird outings: I go with just two or three friends, all of whom are (so far) healthy. We wear our masks, and sit one person to an open window.

We choose locations where we are not likely to find any other people.

Champakadhama Temple at Bannerghatta.

Here’s the rushing stream of the Suvarnamukhi, just upstream of T K Falls:

Here is the cascade at Thotti Kallu Falls:

Don’t do it if you are not comfortable with the idea! However, my visits to the Bannerghatta biosphere (Gulakmale, T K Falls area) have been extremely productive in terms of many kinds of life forms, including birds.

Lesser Grass Blue


A Carpenter Bee with its wing stuck on a thorn (I released it gently.)

My friend Biju with a beautiful tree

Ancient inscription stones (probably dating back to the 9th century).

Here’s a Sirkeer Malkoha which the three of us (Biju, Prem and I) found foraging on the ground this morning, while exploring the general area. It then hopped on to a small tree, and stayed for a little while, delighting us before it flew off.


Bannerghatta biosphere, several visits.

How snails reproduce

June 27, 2020

I had never given a thought to how snails reproduce, until I saw this at Jakkur Lake today (Sat, 270620)


I then started reading a bit about snail reproduction, and found

this link

very informative.

Here it is:

survival through time are the characteristics of their reproduction process.

The first thing you should know about these terrestrial gastropod mollusks is that most are hermaphrodites. Hermaphrodite is called any organism that has male and female reproductive organs and therefore can produce both eggs and spermatozoa. It is like if the snails were male and female at the same time.

There are, however, exceptions. The snails of the family Pomatiidae differ from their relatives because they have separated genders, that is to say, each snail is either a male or is a female according to the reproductive organs that it possesses. It is relatively easy to recognize the gender since the species present sexual dimorphism: the shell of males is smaller than females.

Most terrestrial gastropods are hermaphrodites, but some snails do not have this attribute, specifically some freshwater snails like the Apple Snails and periwinkles. These two types of snails still have separate male and female individuals.

The reproductive system ends in an external opening located in the lower part of the body near the head, called the genital pore. Individuals reach sexual maturity at different ages, according to their species and their particular conditions. Once they are sexually mature, their sex organs acquire the necessary conditions to reproduce, but they can begin to mate later. Usually, land snails reach maturity between 6 weeks and five years of age. Some mature sooner or later if the conditions of their external environment are favorable or not to their development.

Courtship: what to do to get noticed?
When a snail is already mature can begin mating, that is clear, but how do they approximate each other?

Before the intercourse, both approach to start the courtship process consisting of a series of movements and attitudes that will finish or not in the mating. The entire process can last as little as 2 hours or as long as 12 hours. To find a partner, they primarily rely on their sense of smell and touch, as their visual capacity is poorly developed and devoid of hearing. They can recognize chemicals in the air that communicate the receptivity of some other snail nearby.

During the process, both land snails get closer, acknowledging each other and “testing the odds.” As they approach, they begin to interact in a more physical way and can touch each other with the help of their tentacles. Some move in circles and can bite the area of ​​the genital pore.

In the final stage of courtship and before mating, some species use a unique weapon: the “love darts.” No, it is not a metaphor, it is a structure of calcium or chitin that only sexually mature snails have, and usually that have mated more than once. Seen in detail, they indeed resemble pointed darts.


When both are close enough and touch their genitals, they shoot their love darts. Darts are not fired away but are a contact shot. Usually, the two snails shoot the structures, and they pierce the skin of the other so that they are united. The dangerous thing about this is that sometimes darts can damage an internal organ or go through the body and exit on the other side.

The function of love darts is not transferring sperm but is a form of sexual selection, and observations concluded that garden snails (Helix aspersa) could increase their reproductive success. The mucus that covers a dart contains a type of hormones capable of increasing the chances of success to have offspring.


After the snails shoot their “love darts,” copulation follows. The transfer of sperm through the penis may be reciprocal or unilateral; this means that either both transfer it, or just one of the snails. It depends on the species. Others prefer to self-fertilize, so they do not need another individual to lay eggs.

After fertilization, the eggs go through a process of growth inside the snail, until they are ready to be delivered. After that, both snails lay their eggs and bury them in separate places inside a small hole made in the topsoil in a cool place. The mating process of snails allows them to deliver eggs at a consistent rate.

It will typically take a snail egg two to four weeks to develop. (1) As soon as they hatch, they will immediately move into a survival mode, because their shells still are soft. Their first reaction as soon as they hatch is to find sources of calcium either eating the remainings of their egg or eating other eggs that have not hatched to get the extra nutrients.

In conclusion, the mating process of snails starts when reaching sexual maturity, followed by finding the right partner, copulating, locating and creating a place to deliver the eggs, hatching of the eggs and ending with the develop of small snails.

Fascinating, indeed!

The Bagworm Moth

June 24, 2020


The Bagworm Moth is great housekeeper.
It combines the roles of larva and sweeper.
It makes its surroundings free
Of all kinds of debris
It is definitely (than a housemaid) much cheaper!

Pupal stage:


Sometimes looks like this too:


(inspired by a post on my butterfly group!)

More about life with K2

June 24, 2020

Me to K2 after an hour of sitting with him, writing English words in Hindi (“Amma will not understand this code language!”),…here, do these puzzles, I will quickly get lunch ready and return.
15 min later, when I return: K2, busy with his Lego (with his long-suffering, trying-to-work-from-home dad): I just couldn’t do those puzzles. They just brained me out.

Learning a new phrase every day from K2!

The veiled fabric of the past…

June 22, 2020

My past is hidden
In the veil of years;
Time, in passing,
Adds more veils, obscuring
The process of looking back
A little more.
Yet, through the mists
Some glimpses shine through
As I touch my childhood again.
I visit family and friends who may be no more,
Or travel in other lands,
In days gone past.
The fabric of my memory,
Though veiled by the passing of time
Yet shines through, once in a while
With the sheen of satin, the glitter of gold…
The many moments which make me
The person I am today.

Prey species at Bhootanahalli, 140620

June 15, 2020

A few of us


had gone to Bhootanahalli Pond (in the Bannerghatta biosphere, on the Bannerghatta-Kaggalipura road)and after watching the Baya Weaver nest construction, made the gentle ascent up the hill to the Bhavani temple, on Sunday, 14 Jun ’20.

On the path, looking out over a distant slope to the east, we were amazed to find first a Gaur,


then the even more surprising sight of a Nilgai, a Chital and a Blackbuck all sitting/grazing together


and then a large herd of Chital, stags, does and fawns, crossing the hillside, on a clearing.


It took us a while to realize that there were also some man-made structures (like a water trough) there, and we deduced that there is some kind of reserve area there. Could we have some more information about this please, and know what other mammals have been released there? Have only prey species been introduced?

I must say, that most of us thoroughly enjoyed the sight of these unexpected mammals, and one little boy was asking if we might be able to see tigers and leopards as well!

The photos of the animals are on my FB album (they were quite far away, so excuse the grainy photos)


and on Flickr


Looking forward to learning more about the animals introduced here!

Anatomy of Two-wheeler riders in Bangalore during Covid times

June 14, 2020

The body of the Average Two-wheeler Driver (ATD), in Bangalore at least, is a wondrous thing, consisting of:

1. Nose, uncovered and free to breathe anything in the air, from the exhaust fumes to any germs/virus going around.
2. Mouth, sometimes uncovered, the better to hurl insults at other road users, and to talk on the mobile phone (see below)
3. Chin, for the mask to be tucked under, (see below)
4. Head, uncovered as there is nothing inside to be protected by a helmet.
5. Elbow, most important.There are two of these, one to hang the helmet from, and the other for the mask (if not tucked under the chin).
6. Shoulder, to tuck the mobile into for talking convenience when riding in the traffic, with the head at a strange angle.

There are other parts of the body, too, but they are not as important as the above-mentioned ones.

Begur Lake, a triumph of rejuvenation! 060620

June 8, 2020

The last couple of occasions I had visited Begur Lake, it was under renovation, and we were a little concerned about how the job would be carried out.

Well, on Saturday the 6th, a few of us


decided to visit the lake, as Dhanapal has been getting such excellent images from there; and we were very happy that we did; the birds (and other living beings) are back at, and in, the lake.

The onset of the monsoon meant that we walked on to the lake bund. Following Dhanapal’s directions, we walked along the eastern bund instead of the western one near which the Panchalingeswara temple stands. We found several stands of reeds and almost immediately, our attention was riveted by the variety of birds that we found. Coots, Grebes, Egrets (all sizes), Herons (both the common colours of grey and purple) all went about their business of securing breakfast in their different ways, ducking in the water, or wading along the shoreline.

In a while, we could discern even more activity in the reeds. Streaked Weavers were building their nests, carrying long reed-leaves to one stand and expertly weaving them in;


In this connection, I would like to add two excellent videos Ashwin has made, of Streaked Weavers feeding their young:


Pond Herons in fine breeding plumage


stood stock-still while their sharp eyes scanned the water; and a few Yellow bitterns, which are rather difficult to sight as a rule, were quite clearly visible as, clutching the reeds with both feet, they darted their beaks into the muddy ground for insects, snails or a small fish.


The typical spider-like movement of these birds, along the reeds instead of over the ground, made them easy to identify, and tell apart from the Pond Herons.


For many of us, this was a “lifer” (a bird being seen for the first time) and the binoculars and the cameras were very busy indeed!

One surprising fact was that there were far more Brahminy Kites than Black Kites, in a city where the reverse is often true. We enjoyed their soaring, and their swoops into the water to catch fish, the attempts being successful occasionally.

Cormorants, Little, Indian and Great, were in plenty, and flew in and out of the lake, stippling the water as they landed or took off. Overhead, too, they formed skeins as they disappeared into the brightening sky, perhaps bound for other water bodies. Several Darters added their zigzag snake-necks to our bird count.

Several Spot-billed Pelicans were found in the far reaches, while a few swam lazily around nearer to where we stood. We found only a few Spot-billed Ducks, and some Lesser Whistling Ducks, far away. Meanwhile, Ashy and Plain Prinias, and one single Clamorous Reed Warbler, delighted us at the front of our birding stage. Both the Bronze-winged


and the Pheasant-tailed Jacanas wandered around, the males of the latter in their spectacular “comma-tail” breeeding plumage. For some reason, there were only two Painted Storks, one of which struggled (successfully!) with a very large fish, as we looked on.


Purple Swamphens


and Common Moorhens added both colour and black-and-red, and we saw the Pied, White-breasted and the Small Blue Kingfisher. Red-rumped Swallows collected mud for their nests, from the shore.

Indeed, I would say that Begur lake is an ideal spot for bird watching and bird photography. One does not need to walk far; the light of the morning sun falls on the birds; one can watch the behaviour of the birds at leisure, rather than just sighting them and moving on. The first frenzy of the cameras gives way to the calm use of the binoculars!

Nor were birds the only thing that caught our attention, Starting with a gleaming Jewel Bug at the entrance, many handsome six footers welcomed us to the lake. Pentatomid bugs, Net-winged Beetles,


different kinds of bees and wasps nectaring and gathering pollen

and several spiders which were ready to catch any unwary ones,

Lynx spider killing a bee which came to nectar in the Dhatura flower.



Ruddy Marsh Skimmer

and damselflies


…there was no dearth of six- and eight-legged creatures. Several butterflies woke up

Lesser Grass Blue


Mating Mottled Emigrants

and flitted around as the sunlight warmed up; we saw Emigrants, Common and Crimson Roses, some Blues, Tawny Costers…and so the list went.

The lake itself was redolent with the peace of the morning. Scudding grey and white moisture-bearing clouds, across patches of freshly-washed blue skies;


the reflection of those clouds, along with the old Panchalingeswara temple and the multicoloured buildings of Begur, in the waters of the lake; the fresh monsoon breeze and the gentle monsoon was utterly delightful to be out in the open air, enjoying all of this.

Alas, some trash has also made an appearance at the lake, as has some stagnant areas with stinking algae,


but with the easing of the lockdown, I hope that the lake will be better maintained.

Mexican Poppy

We shared our snacks (having removed our masks for a bit, in case you were wondering) and munched contentedly with the ease of undemanding camaraderie, and went homes with our spirits lifted and our memories, and memory cards, filled up!


I have posted my photos on Flickr


and on FB at


The eBird list is

Looking forward to more outings with all of us having our good health intact,


The menagerie and the porcupine, 050620

June 5, 2020

Of late, we have a large collection of birds and animals in the house.

This started with Pik and Pok, two woodpeckers made with the fingers of both my hands, which helped wake K2 up in the morning, and also made mealtimes easier.

These were then joined by San and Diego (both of K2’s hands), Ta Claus and Rox (add San to the beginning of one name and to the end of another….both of K2’s hands).

Further additions were two birds called “Buh” and “Erd” (Derek’s hands), and several deer (Reed and Blitzen with my hands, Julius and Caesar (K2’s hands) Cleo and Patra and Hatshep and Sut (K1’s hands).

Yesterday, suddenly K2 came up with a porcupine which throws out its quills in the most realistic way! Here you have my tiger approaching it in the forest, and it opens up its spines menacingly, with the “shinnnn!” sound! He thought ot this by himself.